A P Summer Institute: English Language and Composition
AP Institute-English Language and Composition
Instructor: Dr. Patricia Maida
SYLLABUS: Language and Composition, Montgomery College 2016
You have been selected or elected to teach AP Language and Composition because you possess experience and have a record of success. This Institute is designed to enhance your skills. Each of us is different and the profiles of our students differ as well; consequently, we organize our classes to reflect individual strengths and challenges. The Institute should reinforce your strengths and draw upon your creativity.
What gives an APSI its power is the combined wisdom and experience of the group, sharing ideas and discovering creative strategies. To this end, the class will be as interactive as possible. Each day will provide an opportunity for you to contribute. Your input is valued and respected.
Objectives of the Advanced Placement Institute
- Develop a new syllabus or enhance an existing syllabus for AP Language
- Share useful strategies for examining a variety of texts
- Explore ways to motivate and guide students to become confident writers
- Learn how AP essays are scored
- Build a course that will prepare students for the AP Language exam
Materials for the Course:
- AP English Language and Composition Workshop Handbook. New York: College Board, 2015. Print.
- AP English Language and Composition: Expanding Definitions of Argument. New York: College Board, 2015. Print.
- Copied material in print and digital form.
- A handbook like. . . Hacker, Diana. A Pocket Style Manual. New York: Bedford/ St. Martin’s, 2009. Print (and Web)
- The Language of Composition. Ed. Renee H. Shea, Lawrence Scanlon, Robin Aufses. New York: Bedford St. Martin’s, 20011. Print (and Ebook)
- An anthology, such as the Norton Anthology, and/ or an Argumentation text
MONDAY: What is AP Language and Composition?
AM: What are the essentials of the course?
Activity: Reading Phillis Wheatley’s “On Being Brought to America” as an argument
How does one develop an effective syllabus?
- Class profiles: how to determine class needs
- School curriculum
- Time perameters
- Organizational options: theme, genre, time periods
Theme centers: Choose one of the following themes or suggest another that you believe would be effective with your students? Walls, Freedom, Music, Sports, Gender Roles etc. You will be part of a group, developing a unit using a selected theme.
PM: What are the demands of the AP Language Examination?
- The multiple choice section (Workshop Handbook, pp. 40 - 57)
- What is required of the student?
- How does one prepare for this part of the exam?
- What strategies can be used to achieve success?
- The synthesis question (pp. 58 - 67)
- What skills must the student have to be able to develop a claim?
- What must the teacher do to prepare students?
- The analysis question (pp. 68 - 69)
- How would you answer the question (10 minute outline)?
- What problems did you encounter?
- The Argument (p. 70)
- Why is this question the most difficult for some students to write?
- How would you prepare your students?
For Wednesday: Download from AP Central or bring in a copy of an AP Language Syllabus that you can use as a guide to develop or enhance your own class syllabus.
Select a text to add to the thematic unit your group is developing.
AM: Elements of Argument
AP Language Question 2 sample student essays
- What obstacles might the reader/ writer encounter?
- Analysis of the AP Scoring Guide for Question 2
- Review of student responses on a scale of 1 - 9
- Examination of selected responses with a view toward assisting the student writer,.
Identifying specific strategies.
Group Activity: Sojourner Truth’s “Aint I A Woman?”
- How would you present this text?
- Which elements would you emphasize?
- Create a writing assignment
- Group Activity: Convene in unit groups; share selections suggested by members; refine the list; consider sequencing of texts. Assign one text to each participant.
PM: Developing Strategies for Argumentation
Mapping An Argument: pp. 9 - 12 in Curriculum Module
- Analysis: “Mending Wall” by Robert Frost (copies)
- Reading and understanding the poem
- Looking at elements of argument: speaker, occasion, audience, claim, support for the claim, counterarguments.
- Group Activity: How would you teach this poem as part of a unit on Walls?
- Consider activities, student responses, strategies.
- Provide prompts or writing assignments.
The writing process: inspiration, free writing, planning developing drafts, editing
Assessing student writing: holistic method, analytical, peer response, other?
For Thursday: How would you teach the text assigned to you in the group? Include presentation, focus on argument, writing assignments.
AM: The Confident Student Reader/ Writer
- AP Sample Synthesis Question: Read the prompt; then the sources. Plan your own essay.
- What problems did you encounter?
- How would you prepare students to deal with the same problems?
- Which sources did you find most useful?
Strategies for Teaching Use of Sources:
- How to use sources: intellectual property
- Direct quotations, indirect quotations, combination forms
- Significance of the speaker or source
- Integration of sources into personal writing
- MLA Style, others
Scoring Guide (2011)
- Analysis of student essays scored 9 - 7.
- What makes the essay a “9”? (positive elements)
- What makes the essay a “7’? (how is it less competent than the “9”?)
- Analysis of student essay scored a “2”: how can we help this student?
- Group Activity: Share teaching approaches to the text assigned to you. The group may offer suggestions for refinement. If time permits, some of the texts and teaching approaches may be presented to the group as a whole. The final product will be emailed to the leader of each group who will post the unit on line.
For Friday: Continue working on your syllabus and your unit.
THURSDAY: The Personal Argument
AM: Question 3, the student essay
- Samples from AP exam
- Scoring and analyzing results
- How can we help specific writers from this group to write better arguments ?
Group Activity: Analyzing student responses to the prompt
- Identify problems that your students might encounter.
- How can we prepare students for this assignment?
- Analyze student responses.
- If this were a pre-test, how would you guide the students (from samples) using specific steps to improve their writing?
PM: All Parts Come Together
Group Activity: Question 3 prompt: Your school has been given $100,000 by a wealthy graduate. Plan a well organized, well supported argument explaining how you believe the money should be spent.
What obstacles do you think your students would face in writing the essay?
How would you prepare your students to produce an effective essay?
Sharing of syllabi: Each teacher will discuss how the syllabus was developed or how it has been changed to reflect current times or a new student population.
What were the greatest challenges you faced in designing the syllabus?
Can the group help you with a problematic area?
Final Products of the Thematic Groups: Each group will present the new unit, which will include additional readings/ texts, class activities, strategies for analysis and argumentation appropriate to the selections, writing assignments including at least one that could be an AP
Instructor: Dr. Patricia Maida
Dr. Patricia Maida has been Professor of English at the University of the District of Columbia as well as a former high school English teacher and as a college writing coordinator. For several years she has scored AP essays for ETS and will be scoring them again this year. She will bring her insights about the test to participants at the APSI. As a College Board endorsed consultant, she has been leading institutes for over ten years and is looking forward to working with teachers and sharing expertise. Her methods are interactive. She says, “Each time I am engaged in an institute, I am impressed by the creativity and insights of the participating teachers. I learn from them as they do from me.”