Welcome to LG200! These are the major subfields of linguistics you will be studying:
PHONETICS [fə’n-tIks] is about sounds.
When you write music, you need notes…When you represent sounds, you need phonetics.
PHONOLOGY is about sounds and sound combining rules.
/f/ fan /fæn/ --- /v/ van /væn/
/-/ torn /t--rn/ --- /-/ turn /t--rn/
/t/ bit /bit/ --- /d/ bid /bid/
MORPHOLOGY is about putting words together, as in:
Hmmmmm, is this a sentence? ...Colorless green ideas sleep furiously.