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Learning Outcomes Assessment


Outputs are quantitative information which describes how much of a particular service, i.e., academic activity, is being provided. Examples might be enrollment and the number of classes offered. These are not typically measured as part of outcomes assessment, but almost always are as part of the Academic Area Review process.

Outcomes are the intended benefits for students during or after their participation in an academic activity. Outcomes may relate to knowledge or skills gained, attitudes, values, or behaviors changed, or condition or status improved.

A Student Learning Outcome (SLO) is an outcome that describes what a student is expected to learn as a result of participating in academic activities or experiences at the College. They focus on knowledge gained, skills and abilities acquired or demonstrated, and attitudes or values changed.

An Outcome Dimension is a key aspect of the outcome on which the students will be evaluated. For example, an outcome about effective writing might have mechanics, style and thesis development as its dimensions.

An Outcome Target is a numerical objective for the level of achievement for an outcome.

The Assessment Method is the general assessment approach used to measure whether students have achieved a particular learning outcome. Examples are short answer questions, essay, research paper, or a student performance.

An Assessment Instrument is the actual product that is handed out to students for the purpose of assessing whether student have achieved a particular learning outcome(s).

A Rubric is a printed set of scoring guidelines (criteria) for evaluating student work and for giving feedback to students. Generally, rubrics specify the criteria for each level of performance on each dimension of the learning outcome.

A Data Breakout Variable is a characteristic of the activity or the participant that may significantly influences the likelihood of a participant achieving the outcome. They are usually student demographic or course-related variables that provide greater depth and meaning to the data analysis. Examples might be the reading, math, or assessment levels of the student, campus where the course is offered, or the full-time/part-time status of the instructor.

A Benchmark is a measure of performance that is used for comparative purposes.

Validity is the degree to which information being used is appropriate, meaningful, and useful.

Content-Related Validity is the degree to which the information used represents the content domain it purports to measure.

Reliability is the degree to which the information being used is accurate, stable, and consistent.

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Montgomery County, MD


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